Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Summary Response Outline
Othello Act 4
Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
  • In Act 4 of Othello, by Shakespeare, Iago begins to lose control of his plans of revenge on Othello and Cassio.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
  • His plans are still unknown to other characters and he seems to be surprised by others’ reactions. For instance, When Othello said, “How shall I murder him, Iago,” (Shakespeare 4.1.188-189), Iago seemed generally surprised. He had not anticipated Othello to take his contrived proof of Cassio sleeping with Desdemona this far.  
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
  • Iago begins to realize consequences of his actions, and his plan starts crumbling.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___(Main Idea)________ because ___________ .
  • In act four of Othello, by William Shakespeare, the idea that one should never be too trusting is properly conveyed through the characters’ opinions of Iago.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • When in doubt, all characters sought aid from Iago. Roderigo, Lodovico, Othello and Cassio all trust him. Desdemona, after being mistreated for reasons unknown to her by Othello, asks Iago,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
    • “Alas, Iago, what shall I do to win my lord again?” (Shakespeare 4.2.175-176)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
    • Although Iago was secretly responsible for her mistreatment, Desdemona had gone to him second, just after her maid.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, it is not that people were trusting, but that Iago was a convenient character.
    • Set-up
    • People asked him not because he was their most trusted advisor, but he simply was there. They probably asked other people for their opinions, but, being a good scriptwriter, Shakespeare used as few characters as possible. When Othello was thrown into an epileptic fit by Iago, then watched Cassio talk about an unknown woman (Bianca), his only reaction was,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”
    • “How shall I murder him, Iago,” (Shakespeare 4.1.188-189)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
    • Othello never checked his facts, or talked to other people. He only listened to Iago. I would bet that if Othello consulted anybody before Iago, he would not believe Iago.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • Not many think that Iago is untrusted but convenient, but evidence clearly states that Iago is well known and trusted.  Lodovico had trusted him from unknown reasons, probably for previous experiences. Iago has clearly never pulled a stunt of this scale before. However, characters could have consulted other people than Iago.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In Othello, Shakespeare demonstrates the dangers of being over-trusting through the actions of Desdemona, Roderigo, Lodovico, Othello and Cassio and their interactions with Iago.

Thursday, September 24, 2015

Redo
Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Othello, by William Shakespeare, the point that people are willing to cross their moral borders for the satisfaction of revenge is brilliantly portrayed.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
  • Iago was an honest soldier driven mad by revenge on Othello, his general. Iago wanted revenge because Othello did not give him the promotion he wanted. He sought after his retribution on his general and Michael Cassio, the recipient of the promotion by turning Othello against Cassio. Iago had stripped Cassio of his rank by deceiving him to intoxicate himself, which was punishable by Othello.  
  • Concluding sentence
  • Shakespeare shows how Iago’s sinister plan is an example of someone who crossed their morality to get revenge on someone they thought had wronged them.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays__________ because ___________ .
Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and envy can twist someone’s morality because Iago’s lust for revenge led him to intoxicate Cassio to strip him of his position.  
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up Iago intoxicates Cassio because he knows how Cassio reacts to the effects of alcohol on his behavior.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago plots, knowing about Cassio’s reaction to consumption of alcohol, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-51).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Iago had deceived his once friend, then had Rodrigo brawl him. This is a sneaky and deceptive move. Iago seems to have crossed his morals, and allowed himself to use a newfound level of deception.
Counterclaim 1: However, Iago could have been a moral-less, vile person before Cassio was appointed lieutenant by Othello.
    • Set-up In the beginning acts, Iago seems to only be seeking revenge, but it is slowly becoming apparent that he has always been sinister and evil.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago says to himself, ”And what's he, then says I play the villain, When this advice is free I gave and honest,”  (Shakespeare 2.3.366-367).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is talking about himself, saying he has always played a villainous role in his life. Which would mean jealousy never impacted his life too greatly.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • Strengths: Iago has only demonstrated evil since the beginning of the tragedy
  • Flaws: Iago did have the trust of Othello for a long time, which would probably be because of his character.
  • It is understandable to see Iago as being an evil character all of his life. This would be because he, in the text, always seems sinister or evil. However, due to Othello’s trust in Iago, Iago was a much more benevolent, trustworthy person prior to his hatred of Othello.
  • Rebuttal Progression:
    • At first sight, one may think that Iago is a heartless monster.
    • One can not deny that Iago is evil, but his past states otherwise. He had gained Othello’s trust over many years of battle and comradery.
    • However, Iago may have cheated his way to earn Othello’s trust.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

William Shakespeare’s Othello shows how jealousy warps a person’s sense of right and wrong, which is shown by Iago being completely willing to cross all moral boundaries to get revenge.
Redo

Friday, September 18, 2015

Summary Response Outline
Andy and Hunter, Act 2
Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Othello, by William Shakespeare, Iago is willing to discard his morals for the satisfaction of revenge.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
  • Iago was an honest soldier driven mad by revenge on Othello, his general. Iago wanted revenge because Othello did not give him the promotion he wanted. He sought after his retribution on his general and Michael Cassio, the recipient of the promotion by turning Othello against Cassio. Iago had stripped Cassio of his rank by deceiving him to intoxicate himself, which was punishable by Othello.  
  • Concluding sentence
  • Shakespeare shows how Iago’s sinister plan is an example of someone who crossed his/her morality to get revenge on someone he/she thought had wronged them.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays__________ because ___________ .
Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and envy can twist someone’s morality because Iago’s lust for revenge led him to intoxicate Cassio to strip him of his position.  
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up Iago intoxicates Cassio because he knows how Cassio reacts to the effects of alcohol on his behavior.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago plots, knowing about Cassio’s reaction to consumption of alcohol, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-51).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim
    • Iago had heavily intoxicated Cassio, then had Roderigo provoke him to start a fight.
Counterclaim 1: However, Iago could have been a moral-less, vile person before Cassio was appointed lieutenant by Othello.
    • Set-up In the beginning acts, Iago seems to only be seeking revenge, but it is slowly becoming apparent that he has always been sinister and evil.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”. Iago says to himself, ”And what's he, then says I play the villain, When this advice is free I gave and honest,”  (Shakespeare 2.3.366-367).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is talking about himself, saying he has always played a villainous role in his life. Which would mean jealousy never impacted his life too greatly.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • Strengths: Iago has only demonstrated evil since the beginning of the tragedy
  • Flaws: Iago did have the trust of Othello for a long time, which would probably be because of his character.
  • It is understandable to see Iago as being an evil character all of his life. This would be because he, in the text, always seems sinister or evil. However, due to Othello’s trust in Iago, Iago was a much more benevolent, trustworthy person prior to his hatred of Othello.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

William Shakespeare’s Othello shows how jealousy warps a person’s sense of right and wrong, which is shown by Iago being completely willing to cross all moral boundaries to get revenge.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

REDO
Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • Bully, by Lee Hirsch, demonstrates the harsh reality of what occurs in a bullied child’s life, like the constant and endless harassment, a loss of feelings, and even a choice to take one's life because several victims of bullying were followed and the difficulties and abuse they went through every day was displayed.


Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • Bullying can be change lives for the worse, or end them.
      • In the Documentary, 7 different victims of bullying, 2 of them had taken their own lives and several others had tried and failed at taking theirs
    • Bullies constantly physically, mentally and emotionally abuse their victims for any reason they choose.
    • Some people are bullied so much that they assume that they never have been bullied and accepted it as their life
Conclusion:
  • Bully, by Lee Hirsch, showed the hardships that victims of bullying have to deal with on a daily basis by showing 7 different victims and what they have to endure in one, depressing documentary.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays) because ___________ .
      • In Bully, by Lee Hirsch, correctly portrays that bullying is an epidemic that needs to be stopped, as well, it acknowledges the awful physical, mental, and emotional aggression and correctly portrays how horrible and deadly is/can be because several different victims of bullying were shown and followed.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up In smaller and schools, the bullying epidemic is fatal. Kids are bullied so badly that they have killed themselves because of how severe the abuse became.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (  I, iii, 233-236  ) Ty Field, age 11, made the decision to take his own life. The superintendent said, “There is no indication that bullying was a factor” (Hirsch), while Ty’s friends stated that it was the entire reason.
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Ty Field had dealt with bullying for a long time and most people could infer that Ty ended his life due to bullying, even though others said it was clearly the stress and torment of bullying.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, in the documentary, it was stated that bullying is everywhere all over the world and at one point, everyone has been bullied.
    • Set-up This statement is somewhat of an exaggeration. Bullying is not as common as it seems in many places. Although some places suffer from extremely severe bullying epidemics, other places have either very minor bullying or none at all.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” “Bible Belt Oklahoma,” has to endure locker signs saying “Faggots aren’t welcome here.” (http://entertainment.time.com/2012/03/29/bully-a-punishing-movie-your-kids-must-see/)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Kelby had to endure more than enough prejudice because she was gay. She1 faced things like being picked on by everybody, including teachers, constant harassment, and loneliness, but she1 admitted that it was because she1 was in the bible belt.
    • Rebuttal
    • Many people believe bullying exists only in small towns. This is likely because many small towns are affected by bullying and there is more attention towards small towns. However, it is a real problem in cities also. Many cities and well populated areas suffer from bullying as much as small towns.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Although there are some overstatements, Bully very accurately shows the harsh nature of the epidemic of bullying and abuse that modern children have to go through every day. Bullying should be stopped immediately .



Bully, by Lee Hirsch, demonstrates the harsh reality of what occurs in a bullied child’s life, like the constant and endless harassment, a loss of feelings, and even a choice to take one's life. In the documentary, 7 different victims of bullying were followed, all of them were bullied for different reasons at different degrees of severity. Two of the kids that were followed had taken their own lives due to bullying, and several others had tried, but didn’t succeed in taking theirs. One of the children had become used to the bullying, and eventually didn’t realize when they were and weren’t being bullied.

1 Kelby came out as transgender after the documentary was filmed and released, although he now is referred to by male pronouns, we are using female pronouns because he was referred to by female pronouns when the documentary was released.
REDO
Summary Response Outline: Hunter Johnson and Zoe Conley

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • In Othello,  Shakespeare depicts how jealousy and betrayal affect one’s thoughts and relationships.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • Iago and Roderigo plot revenge on Othello for he had married Rodrigo's love, Desdemona,  and did not give Iago the promotion he deserved. To stir up commotion, they call upon Desdemona’s father to tell him that the moor has abused his daughter. Desdemona’s father goes to the duke to argue his complaint.
    • Iago is willing to betray a man who he has fought in battle with and formerly would trust him with his life, because of a small mistake.
    • Rodrigo is willing to do anything to a man he just met for a girl who does nothing for him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Jealousy and betrayal are dangerous qualities that can lead to a damaged  relationship if one is not careful, and in Othello, Shakespeare shows how this can happen.

Response:

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
  • Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays that jealousy can have an effect on a relationship, because it can lead to betrayal.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
    • Iago, after not receiving the promotion that he deserves, was jealous of Cassio, for he had received that promotion. He has blamed Othello for his jealousy.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”
    • Iago himself stated that, “ Three great ones of the city, In personal suit to make me his (Othello) lieutenant, off-capped to him; and, by the faith of man, I know my price, I am worth no worse a place.” (Shakespeare 1.1.10-13).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
    • Iago expresses how fit he was for the position, and how he felt that Othello had betrayed him.  
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ... One may think that Iago is seeking revenge on Othello, but he is actually seeking revenge on Cassio, and thinks that he can achieve this through Othello.
    • Set-up
    • As Iago tries to blame Othello for his anger, he truly shares his rage against Cassio. He described Cassio as,
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”
    • “... a great arithmetician, One Michael Cassio, a Florentine, A fellow almost damned in a fair wife, That never set a squadron in the field” (Shakespeare 1.1.20-23).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
    • Iago believes that Cassio should manage the troops, and he should lead them. But Othello though otherwise. Iago may be slightly angry at Othello, but his true anger resides with Cassio
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • At first glance, Iago may seem to blame Cassio for the loss of his position,  but he make it clear that he is extremely angry at Othello. We can not deny that Iago is jealous of Cassio, but he has made no offence to Cassio.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Through Iago is jealous of Cassio, Iago plans on betraying Othello,  and Iago would normally be trusted by Othello, but do to his actions, this is no more.