Summary Response Outline
- Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea In Othello, by William Shakespeare, the point that people are willing to cross their moral borders for the satisfaction of revenge is brilliantly portrayed.
- Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
- Iago was an honest soldier driven mad by revenge on Othello, his general. Iago wanted revenge because Othello did not give him the promotion he wanted. He sought after his retribution on his general and Michael Cassio, the recipient of the promotion by turning Othello against Cassio. Iago had stripped Cassio of his rank by deceiving him to intoxicate himself, which was punishable by Othello.
- Concluding sentence
- Shakespeare shows how Iago’s sinister plan is an example of someone who crossed their morality to get revenge on someone they thought had wronged them.
- Topic sentence: title, author,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays__________ because ___________ .
Othello, by William Shakespeare correctly portrays how jealousy and envy can twist someone’s morality because Iago’s lust for revenge led him to intoxicate Cassio to strip him of his position.
- Claim 1:
- Set-up Iago intoxicates Cassio because he knows how Cassio reacts to the effects of alcohol on his behavior.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation”. Iago plots, knowing about Cassio’s reaction to consumption of alcohol, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him With that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be as full of quarrel and offense” (Shakespeare 2.3.49-51).
- Explanation of quotation to prove claim
- Iago had deceived his once friend, then had Rodrigo brawl him. This is a sneaky and deceptive move. Iago seems to have crossed his morals, and allowed himself to use a newfound level of deception.
Counterclaim 1: However, Iago could have been a moral-less, vile person before Cassio was appointed lieutenant by Othello.
- Set-up In the beginning acts, Iago seems to only be seeking revenge, but it is slowly becoming apparent that he has always been sinister and evil.
- Evidence: Lead-in “ quotation”. Iago says to himself, ”And what's he, then says I play the villain, When this advice is free I gave and honest,” (Shakespeare 2.3.366-367).
- Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim Iago is talking about himself, saying he has always played a villainous role in his life. Which would mean jealousy never impacted his life too greatly.
- What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument?
- Strengths: Iago has only demonstrated evil since the beginning of the tragedy
- Flaws: Iago did have the trust of Othello for a long time, which would probably be because of his character.
- It is understandable to see Iago as being an evil character all of his life. This would be because he, in the text, always seems sinister or evil. However, due to Othello’s trust in Iago, Iago was a much more benevolent, trustworthy person prior to his hatred of Othello.
- Rebuttal Progression:
- At first sight, one may think that Iago is a heartless monster.
- One can not deny that Iago is evil, but his past states otherwise. He had gained Othello’s trust over many years of battle and comradery.
- However, Iago may have cheated his way to earn Othello’s trust.
- Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare’s Othello shows how jealousy warps a person’s sense of right and wrong, which is shown by Iago being completely willing to cross all moral boundaries to get revenge.